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Pop culture obsessives writing for the pop culture obsessed.

Here's some data and analysis to help you be a better standup

Illustration for article titled Here's some data and analysis to help you be a better standup
Photo: Jason Kempin (Getty Images)

On last week’s episode of HBO’s Crashing, a lame comedian had an audience of college students in stitches with a bit about Bubble Tape. Literally all he was doing was describing Bubble Tape, but his physicality, mannerisms, and vocal climaxes made banal sentences sound like they were jokes, thus prompting a rapturous response. While the scene served to show how different audiences require different approaches to comedy, it also emphasized just how important the structure of a standup set is to its impact.


That’s the focus of a new visual essay from The Pudding, which centers around the clever, layered structure of a recent standup special from comedian Ali Wong (who, unlike Mr. Bubble Tape, it should be noted, is actually funny). While many standups thrive on a series of one-liners—think Mitch Hedberg or Steven Wright—others, like Wong, subtly string together jokes and character details like subplots in a film or TV show, with them eventually coalescing. This results in what The Pudding calls the “laughter climax,” and their research shows that this climax ignited what’s undoubtedly the biggest laugh of Wong’s special.

Starting at this climax, the piece’s researchers adopted the methods of literary deconstruction and went back through Wong’s set joke by joke to find where the seeds of this climax were planted. It turns out that Wong’s set was even more intricate than they’d imagined, with each joke being able to fall under the umbrella of three related themes. While in a traditional story the intersection of these arcs gives way to catharsis or understanding, here it produces a kind of cumulative laughter, which feels special in the realm of standup.

As always, The Pudding’s research is intricate and thorough, and it should prove eternally helpful for budding standups who might not realize just how unconsciously hardwired audiences are to the beats of traditional narrative. Time to bone up on that Aristotle, kids.

Check out the whole essay here.

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Randall Colburn is The A.V. Club's Internet Culture Editor. He lives in Chicago, occasionally writes plays, and was a talking head in Best Worst Movie, the documentary about Troll 2.